The Council of Europe is a well-known Institution, created in 1949, after the Second War, by six democratic European nations. Nowadays there are 45 European member-states with a democratic political organization and a compromise to respect human rights, under the dispositions of the European Convention on Human Rights (Rome,4.XI.1950) amended by the Protocol nº 11 (1.November.1988). The organs of the Council of Europe are the General Secretariat, the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe composed with 291 members of the National Parliaments of the Member States is a democratic forum where the problems related to human rights are discussed in depth. One of the instruments for the intervention of the Parliamentary Assembly is the preparation of a Recommendation on a specific subject, to be presented to the Governments of the Member States after discussion and approval by the Committee of Ministers which is the executive board of the Council of Europe.
The ethical problems of embryos and foetus have been of a great concern of the Deputies of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
In this paper I will present a historical background of the intervention of the Parliamentary Assembly as well as the present situation on this subject.
1- Historical Background
2- Present Situation